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January 18, 2023

A Guide to Your Business’s Energy VAT

As a business owner in the UK, you need to pay VAT (Value Added Tax) on your energy bills. This is a requirement by HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) that all businesses must adhere to. In this guide, we will take a closer look at what business energy VAT is, whom it applies to, and how you can save money on your energy bills.

What is Business Energy VAT?

Business Energy VAT is a tax that businesses pay on their energy bills. It is a tax on the value added to energy consumption by businesses. This means that the more energy your business consumes, the more VAT you will have to pay. The VAT on energy bills is collected by the energy supplier and paid to HMRC. The current VAT rate for business energy is 20%.

Business Energy VAT applies to all businesses in the UK, regardless of their size, sector, or type. This includes businesses that are registered for VAT and those that are not. However, some businesses may be eligible for VAT relief or exemptions, depending on their circumstances.

VAT Rates for Business Energy

There are different VAT rates for different types of energy usage by businesses. For example, if your business uses gas or electricity for domestic purposes, you will pay the standard VAT rate of 20%. However, if your business uses energy for non-domestic purposes, such as manufacturing or running machinery, you may be eligible for a reduced VAT rate of 5%.

How to Register for VAT

If your business has an annual turnover of £85,000 or more, you must register for VAT with HMRC. You can register online, by post, or by phone. Once you are registered for VAT, you will receive a VAT registration number, which you will need to include on your energy bills.

How to Calculate Business Energy VAT

To calculate the VAT on your energy bills, you need to multiply the total cost of your energy by the VAT rate (either 20% or 5%). For example, if your energy bill is £1,000 and you are paying the standard VAT rate of 20%, the VAT will be £200, making your total bill £1,200.

How to Claim Back VAT on Business Energy

If your business is registered for VAT, you can claim back the VAT on your energy bills. To do this, you need to keep accurate records of your energy usage and costs and make sure that your energy bills show the amount of VAT you have paid. You can then claim back the VAT on your quarterly VAT return.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Claiming VAT Back

When claiming VAT back on your energy bills, there are some common mistakes that you need to avoid. These include claiming VAT on bills that are not eligible, failing to keep accurate records, and failing to show the amount of VAT on your energy bills. It is important to seek professional advice if you are unsure about how to claim back VAT on your energy bills, to avoid making costly mistakes.

The Climate Change Levy

The purpose of the Climate Change Levy (CCL) is to promote energy efficiency and reduce gas emissions by encouraging businesses to be more environmentally conscious. If a business qualifies for a reduced rate of Value Added Tax (VAT), it is likely to be exempt from paying the main rates of CCL.

The CCL consists of two rates:

1. The main levy rate - This rate is applicable to businesses that pay the standard VAT rate of 20%. They will also be charged the CCL.

2. The Carbon Price Support rate - This rate is applicable to owners of electricity generating stations and operators of combined heat and power (CHP) stations. Small generators who generate their own energy and earn money through the Feed-in Tariff are unlikely to pay this rate.


Tips to Reduce Your Business Energy Costs

Reducing your energy costs is a great way to save money on your business expenses. Here are some tips to help you reduce your energy costs:

Benefits of Switching Energy Suppliers

Switching energy suppliers is a great way to save money on your energy bills. Here are some benefits of switching energy suppliers:

Choosing the Right Energy Contract

Choosing the right energy contract is important to ensure that you are getting the best deal for your business. Here are some things to consider when choosing an energy contract:

Understanding Your Business Energy Bill

Understanding your business energy bill can help you identify areas where you can save money on your energy costs. Here are some things to look for on your energy bill:

Benefits of Renewable Energy for Businesses

Using renewable energy can have many benefits for businesses, including:

Importance of Energy Efficiency

Energy efficiency is important for businesses to reduce their energy costs and carbon footprint. Here are some benefits of energy efficiency:

In conclusion, understanding UK business energy VAT is important for businesses to effectively manage their energy costs and avoid costly mistakes. By understanding how to claim VAT back, avoiding common mistakes, and implementing energy-saving practices, businesses can save money on their energy bills and contribute to a more sustainable future. Switching to renewable energy and using energy-efficient practices can also provide additional benefits. It is important for businesses to regularly review their energy bills and contracts to ensure they are getting the best deal for their needs.

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